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劉毅GRE字根字匯 Wordlist 21(單詞帶例句)

kira86 于2019-04-19發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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劉毅GRE字根字匯,GRE常考詞匯,單詞帶例句、附同義詞和反義詞,中英字幕。
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abstruse

adj. difficult to understand 深奧的

When explaining how airplanes are able to fly to a child, you shouldn't use such abstruse technical terms.

對小孩子解釋飛機為何能飛時,你不應該用這么深奧的科技術語。

Synonym

同義詞:profound; recondite

atheistic

adj. denying the existence of God 無神論者的

Gordon's deeply religious family was shocked to hear him declare his atheistic beliefs at the dinner table.

高登在吃晚餐時,表明他的無神論信仰,便信仰虔誠的家人十分震驚。

Synonym

同義詞:infidel; irreligious

attenuate

v. to make thin 使變細

The thick mass of telephone wires was attenuated to a single filament for the connection in the circuit board.

為了連接在電路板上,一大堆藥電活線最后都束成一條細線。

* filament

細線;細絲

* circuit

電路

attribute

v. to consider something as being the cause 歸因于

 

n. attribution

Although he attributed his wealth to his hard work, the majority of Lance's money was inherited from his uncle.

雖然藍斯將他的富有歸因于努力工作,但他大多數的財富都是由叔叔那里繼承而來。

Synonym

同義詞:ascribe; impute

contortion

n. twisting out of the usual shape 扭曲

 

v. contort

Some of the contortions young gymnasts perform are unnatural and eventually will damage their joints and muscles.

年輕的體操選手所做的身體扭曲,有些是違反自然的,最后將會傷害到他們的關節和肌肉。

* gymnast

體操選手

Synonym

同義詞:distortion

detraction

n. taking away from somebody's credit, reputation , etc. 減損;貶低

Dr. Lin's failure in the project was a great detraction to his reputation.

林博士這項計劃的失敗,大大地減損了他的名聲。

Synonym

同義詞:belittlement; disparagement

Antonym

反義詞:commendation; approbation

distortion

n. twisting out of the usual shape 扭曲

 

v. distort

Because the glass was poorly made, there is terrible distortion when you look out this window.

因為玻璃做得很差,所以當你從這個窗子向外看時,景物會有嚴重的扭曲。

Synonym

同義詞:contortion; crookedness; perversion

extenuate

v. to make less serious 減輕

The judge decided to extenuate the defendant's sentence from a ten-year prison stay to six years.

法官決定減輕被告的刑期,由監禁十年減為六年。

Synonym

同義詞:palliate; mitigate

extort

v. to obtain by threats 勒索

 

n. extortion

The kidnappers were able to extort three million dollars from the company president.

綁匪向公司董事長勒索了三百萬元。

Synonym

同義詞:exact; blackmail

extrude

v. to force somebody or something out 逐出

 

n. extrusion

Police officers extruded the mob from the hotel lobby out onto the street.

警察將暴民由旅館大廳趕到街上去。

Synonym

同義詞:eject; expel

intrude

v. to enter without permission 1. 闖入 2 .干擾

 

n. intrusion

Although they said my surprise visit was not unwelcomed, I still felt I had intruded on their privacy.

雖然他們表示歡迎我意外的拜訪,我還是覺得干擾了他們的私生活。

Synonym

同義詞:1. trespass 2. intervene

Mediterranean

adj. of the Mediterranean Sea 地中海的

The cuisine of the Mediterranean region is characterized by the heavy use of olive oil.

地中海地區烹飪的特色,是大量使用橄欖油。

* cuisine

烹飪法;烹調方式

obtrusive

adj. inclined to push forward 強入的;冒失的

The obtrusive presence of her ex-boyfriend at the wedding created an awkward situation for Joanna.

瓊安娜以前的男朋友冒失地出現在她的婚禮中,使得場面很尷尬。

Synonym

同義詞:intrusive; impertinent

protract

v. to length the time 延長

 

n. protraction

Although there was little content to his speech, Andrew was able to protract it out to forty-five minutes.

雖然沒什么內容,安德魯還是有辦法把他的演說延長到四十五分鐘。

Synonym

同義詞:prolong; extend

Antonym

反義詞:curtail

protrusion

n. sticking out 伸出;突起

A small protrusion in the track caused the subway car to jump the track, injuring tens of commuters.

鐵軌上一個小突起使得地鐵列車出軌,數十個使用長期車票的乘客受傷。

Synonym

同義詞:projection; protuberance

retraction

n. drawing back 縮回;撤銷

Nick asked the judge for a retraction of his statement from the court record.

尼克要求法官將他的陳述航法庭記錄中刪除。

Synonym

同義詞:withdrawal;repeal;revocation

retribution

n. 1. deserved punishment 報應 2. vengeance 報復

For years, Vanessa planned her retribution to punish the gang that had killed her parents.

凡妮莎計劃多年,要對殺害他雙親的幫派進行報復。

Synonym

同義詞:1. nemesis 2. requital

subterranean

adj. underground 地下的;秘密的

During the war, many rebel groups made their lodgings in large subterranean caverns.

在戰爭期間,許多反叛團體藏身在巨大的秘密的洞穴中。

* lodging

住宿處

* cavern

洞穴

tenuous

adj. thin; slight 1. 細的;稀薄的2. 薄弱的

The rope supporting the mountain-climber unraveled until she hung only by a tenuous thread.

支撐著登山者的繩索松開了,最后她只靠一條細線懸吊著。

* unravel

解開;松開

* hang by a thread

千鈞一發

Synonym

同義詞:2. feeble

Antonym

反義詞:2. substantial

territory

n. land 土地

Both countries claimed the border territory as their own, leading to an all-out war between them.

兩國都宣稱邊界的土地歸他們所有,結果導致全面的戰爭。

* all-out

全面性的

theocracy

n. government by religious leaders 神權政治;僧侶政治

Several religious groups believe theocracy is the perfect form of government, but those who value religious freedom do not agree.

一些宗教團體相信,神權政治是最完善的政治型態;但那些提倡宗教自由的人不同意。

theosophy

n. philosophy which aims at direct communication with God 通神論

 

n. theosophist

Scott joined a group that practiced theosophy through fasting and meditation.

史考特參加一個透過齋戒與冥想來實踐通神論的團體。

* fasting

絕食;齋戒

* meditation

冥想;沉思

tortuous

adj. full of twists 彎曲的;歪曲的

Nancy got carsick during the ride on the tortuous road up the mountain to the ski resort.

南西在前往滑雪勝地蜿蜒的山路途中暈車了。

Synonym

同義詞:winding; sinuous

tractable

adj. easily controlled or guided 1. 易處理的 2. 溫順的

Because of extensive irrigation ditches connecting all the fields, water management has become a tractable problem.

因為有四通八達的灌溉溝渠連接所有農地,水的問題很容易處理。

* irrigation

灌溉

Synonym

同義詞:1. manageable 2. docile

Antonym

反義詞 2 . unruly; defiant; refractory

tributary

adj. 1. (of a river) flowing into another 支流的 2. paying to another country 納貢的

Our small town lies on a major tributary river of the Mississippi River.

我們的小鎮位于密西西比河一條主要的支流上。

Throughout history, tributary payments were commonly made to stronger countries or kingdoms by lesser states.

在歷史上,小國經常要向強國納貢。

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