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劉毅GRE字根字匯 Wordlist 30(單詞帶例句)

kira86 于2019-05-05發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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劉毅GRE字根字匯,GRE常考詞匯,單詞帶例句、附同義詞和反義詞,中英字幕。
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aphorism

n. short, wise saying 格言;警語

The aphorism by which Sonya conducts her business is, "Time is money."

桑雅處理業務所遵循的座右銘是:「時間就是金錢。」

Synonym

同義詞:maxim; dictum; adage; precept

cauterize

v. to bum with a caustic substance or with a hot iron 燒灼

To stop the bleeding, the doctor had to cauterize the artery.

為了止血,醫生必須燒灼動脈。

* artery

動脈

complicity

n. taking part with another person in crime 共謀

Otis' complicity in hiding stolen goods for Tony made him guilty of the crime too.

奧提斯為東尼保管贓物,這種共謀的行為,使他也有罪。

Synonym

同義詞:conspiracy; collusion; connivance

conformity

n. agreement 一致

Japanese society prizes conformity over individuality, beating down the nail that sticks out.

日本社會重視一致性,而非個人主義,他們會打擊嶄露頭角的人。

* beat down

打倒;壓制

* stick out

突出

Synonym

同義詞:consistency; uniformity; congruity

decrepitude

n. state of being old and weak 衰老;破舊

The decrepitude of the building made it more economical to tear it down and rebuild than to renovate.

將這棟破舊的建筑物拆掉重建,要比整修來得劃算。

* renovate

修復

Synonym

同義詞:senility; dilapidation

defeatist

n. person whose attitude is based on expectations of defeat 失敗主義者

Thomas is a defeatist who never considers the possibility of success.

湯瑪斯是個失敗主義者,他從來都不覺得會有成功的可能。

ductile

adj. 1. metal capable of being drawn into wire 可延展的 2. easily managed 馴良的

Copper is very ductile and can be made into very fine wires.

銅的延展性很好,可以制成非常細的銅絲。

Ductile work beasts, such as oxen, make good plow animals.

溫馴的役獸,例如牛,是很好的犁田動物。

* copper

* plow

犁;耕地

Synonym

同義詞:1. plastic; malleable 2. docile

eccentricity

n. strangeness of behavior; strange habit 古怪;怪癖

As Geoffrey was such a nice elderly man, most people just put up with his eccentricity.

因為杰佛瑞是個非常親切的老人,所以大多數人都會容忍他的怪癖。

* put up with

忍受

Synonym

同義詞:idiosyncrasy; singularity; oddity; weirdness

entomology

n. study of insects 昆蟲學

Students majoring in entomology were busy watching ants carrying bits of food in the grass.

昆蟲學系的學生正忙著觀察螞蟻在草地上搬運食物。

ethnology

n. study of the races of mankind 人種學

Ethnology is a branch of anthropology.

人種學是人類學的一個分科。

* anthropology

人類學

etymology

n. (study of) the origin and history of words 語源(學)

The professor explained that the etymology of the word was Greek and that it meant "stranger."

教授解釋,那個字的語源是希臘文,意思是「陌生人」。

fortitude

n. strength, courage in the face of danger, pain, or difficulty 堅忍;剛毅

The town dealt with the aftermath of the hurricane with moving fortitude.

那個城鎮的鎮民以感人的堅忍態度,處理颶風過后的殘局。

* aftermath

(災害等的)余波;后果

* hurricane

颶風

Synonym

同義詞:perseverance; endurance; intrepidity

Antonym

反義詞:cowardice; timidity

hedonism

n. belief that pleasure is the chief good 享樂主義

Leaving the hard life of the farm, Barney headed for the hedonism of the big city.

脫離農場艱苦的生活,巴尼追求大城市的享樂。

Antonym

反義詞:asceticism

latitude

n. freedom in action or opinion (行動或百論的)自由范圍

The teacher has given us a lot of latitude in choosing how to make our presentation on ancient Greece.

關于如何針對古希臘這個主題提出報告,老師給予我們很多選擇的自由。

Synonym

同義詞:liberty; freedom

memorialize

v. to keep the memory of 紀念

The battle was memorialized with a huge statue of three soldiers raising the flag.

為了紀念這次戰役,人們建造了一座由三位士兵高舉著國旗的巨大雕像。

Synonym

同義詞:commemorate; monumentalize

oculist

n. doctor of diseases of eyes 眼科醫師

The oculists of the seventeenth century were amazed with the uses of improved glass lenses.

十七世紀的眼科醫師,對于矯正鏡片的使用,感到驚奇。

optimism

n. tendency to look upon the bright side of things 樂天主義;樂觀

Laura's optimism was contagious, and soon the whole family believed the new business would succeed.

羅拉的樂觀具有感染力,很快地全家人都相信新的事業會成功。

* contagious

傳染性的

Synonym

同義詞:sanguineness

Antonym

反義詞:pessimism; defeatism

ornithologist

n. expert in the study of birds 鳥類學家

Several ornithologists were invited to the park to survey the number of rare eagles nesting there.

有幾位鳥類學家受邀至公園,調査在那里筑巢的稀有老鷹的數量。

passivism

n. failure to respond actively 消極主義

Eddie never joined class discussions and his passivism in class kept him from learning even more.

艾迪從不參與班上的討論,他在班上的消極態度,使他無法學到更多。

proximity

n. nearness 接近

 

adj. proximate

Our campus' proximity to downtown allows students to enjoy the cultural activities of the city.

我們的校園靠近市中心,方便學生參與市內的文化活動。

Synonym

同義詞:contiguity; adjacency; vicinity

Antonym

反義詞:farness; remoteness; distance

puerile

adj. like a child 像小孩的;幼稚的

Paul's puerile behavior embarrassed Jennifer so much that she left the party.

保羅幼稚的行為使珍妮佛感到十分困窘,因此她離開了宴會。

Synonym

同義詞:childish; juvenile; naive

rationalize

v. to reason 使合理化;找籍口

Tina rationalized eating three chocolate bars for lunch by promising she would go on a diet tomorrow.

蒂娜以答應明天開始減肥作籍口,午餐時吃了三條巧克力。

Synonym

同義詞:justify; account for

sagacity

n. wisdom 睿智;精明

 

adj. sagacious

My grandmother was well respected and everyone sought out Grandma's sagacity on a wide variety of topics.

我的祖母德高望重,人們有各式各樣的問題,都仰賴祖母的睿智來解決。

Synonym

同義詞:insight; judiciousness; sageness

sophist

n. person who uses clever but misleading arguments 詭辯家

Angela's uncle warned her of the many sophists working in government and told her to watch herself.

安琪拉的叔叔警告她,有許多愛詭辯的人在政府機構做事,她自己要小心。

victimize

v. to make a victim 使犧牲;使受害

Most rape victims are not only hurt by their attackers, but are also victimized by an unfeeling and unfair judicial system.

大多數強暴案的受害人,不僅受到攻擊者的傷害,還成為無情又不公平的司法制度下的犧牲品。

Synonym

同義詞:sacrifice

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