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即使沒在太陽下暴曬過 也可能會得黑色素瘤?

kira86 于2019-06-17發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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黑色素瘤是一種通常可以致命的皮膚癌,如果一個人在沒有任何保護的情況下接觸過長時間的日光就可能引起黑色素瘤。但現在,醫生表示,即使一個人幾乎沒有在日光下暴露,這個人也可能得黑色素瘤。
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Melanoma Can Happen on Skin That Does Not Get Sun

即使沒有接觸太陽的皮膚也會出現黑色素瘤

Melanoma is an often deadly skin cancer that can develop when a person spends too much time in the sun without protection.But medical doctors now say the disease can form even with little time out in the sun.

黑色素瘤是一種通常可以致命的皮膚癌,如果一個人在沒有任何保護的情況下接觸過長時間的日光就可能引起黑色素瘤。但現在,醫生表示,即使一個人幾乎沒有在日光下暴露,這個人也可能得黑色素瘤。

“Melanomas can occur anywhere on the body, not only in areas that get a lot of sun,” Doctor Kucy Pon told Reuters by email.She said the most common place for melanoma in men is the back, while for women it is their legs.

庫茜·龐通過郵件告訴路透社,“黑色素瘤可能在身體任何部位出現,不僅是長時間接觸日光的部位。”她說,男性的黑色素瘤最常出現在背部,而女性則最常出現在腿部。

In a new study, Pon and co-writer Robert Micieli warn about the danger of melanoma.They say it makes for only about 1 percent of skin cancers but causes the majority of skin cancer deaths.Their research recently appeared in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

龐和聯合作者羅伯特·米西利在一項新研究中對黑色素瘤的危險提出了警告。他們表示,雖然黑色素瘤只占所有皮膚癌的1%,但卻在皮膚癌死亡率中占據大部分比例。二人的研究于近期發表在《加拿大醫學協會期刊》上。

More than 90 percent of melanomas are caused by too much ultraviolet radiation.They said the radiation could come from the sun or from special sun lamps used at tanning salons – places people go to darken their skin.

90%以上的黑色素瘤是由過度暴露于紫外線輻射所引起的。他們表示,這種輻射可能來自太陽光,也可能來自日光浴沙龍使用的特殊日光燈,日光浴沙龍是人們去曬黑皮膚的地方。

The two researchers note that radiation from the sun is not the main cause of some melanomas on body parts like the hands, the bottom of feet, and the inside of noses.Instead, they say, the cancer’s development may more closely look like how non-skin cancers form.

兩名研究人員指出,來自太陽的輻射并不是手部、腳底以及鼻子內側等身體部位出現黑色素瘤的主要原因。他們說,相反,黑色素瘤的發展可能更接近于非皮膚癌的形成方式。

Pon said cases of melanoma have been rising over the last 30 years.It is estimated that 192,300 new cases are expected in the United States in 2019.

龐表示,30年來,黑色素瘤病例的數量一直在增加。據估計,美國2019年黑色素瘤新發病例將達到19.23萬。

Pon added that the disease can affect anyone, with any skin color.Older people, those with skin markings called moles, and people with a family history of melanoma are especially at risk, however.

龐還表示,黑色素瘤可以影響任何人,不論是何種膚色。然而,老年人、皮膚上有痣者以及有黑色素瘤家族史的人群風險性極高。

“The first sign of a melanoma is an unusual looking mole or freckle,” said Pon.But she warned that, in one of every 10 melanoma patients, the melanoma may have no color at all and is difficult to notice.

龐說,“黑色素瘤的首個特征是看起來不尋常的痣或斑點。”但她同時警告稱,每10名黑色素瘤患者中有1人的黑色素瘤可能完全沒有顏色,并且難以察覺。

“These un-pigmented melanomas may be pinkish-looking, reddish, purple, normal skin color or …clear and colorless,” said Doctor Ronald Moy.He is a skin specialist from Beverly Hills, California, and a spokesman for the Skin Cancer Foundation.

羅納德·莫伊醫生表示,“這些無色素型黑色素瘤可能呈現淺粉色、淡紅色、紫色、正常的皮膚顏色,或是透明無色。”莫伊醫生是來自加州比佛利山莊的皮膚專科醫生,也是皮膚癌基金會的發言人。

Moy said in an email that these un-pigmented melanomas can look like other forms of skin cancer.Even worse, they can be mistaken for harmless moles or scars.This is especially dangerous, because early detection is critical for successfully treating melanoma.

莫伊在電郵中寫道,這些無色素型黑色素瘤可能看起來很像其他類型的皮膚癌。更糟糕的是,這種黑色素瘤可能會被誤認為無害的痣或疤。這點尤為危險,因為及早發現是成功治療黑色素瘤的關鍵。

“Prevention and early detection are key,” said Doctor Emily Newsom, who is with UCLA Health in Los Angeles, California.

來自加州大學洛杉磯分校醫療中心的艾米麗·紐森醫生表示,“預防和及早發現是攻克該問題的關鍵所在。”

Skin specialists advise people to use sunscreen repeatedly and to wear sun-protective clothing and a wide hat to cover one’s face.

皮膚專家建議:人們應該反復涂抹防曬霜,穿防曬衣,并用寬檐帽來做好臉部防曬。

Dr. Jeffrey Farma leads the Melanoma and Skin Cancer Program at Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.He said researchers have made “tremendous breakthroughs” in learning about the genes involved in melanoma.As a result, researchers have been able to treat advanced melanoma and improve the survival rate.

杰弗里·法爾瑪醫生是賓夕法尼亞州費城的福克斯切斯癌癥中心黑色素瘤與皮膚癌項目的負責人。他表示,研究人員在了解與黑色素瘤有關的基因方面取得了“突破性進展”。因此,研究人員得以治療晚期黑色素瘤并提高患者存活率。

I’m Jonathan Evans.

喬納森·埃文斯報道。

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